50 ǎ ÿ ō ů ĸ原

王师北定中原日家祭无忘告乃翁的意思(示儿原文及翻译) from www.studyofnet.com


In the year 2023, the phrase "王 师 北 定 中原" has become a popular saying among strategists, historians, and enthusiasts of ancient Chinese history. This phrase, which translates to "The King's troops shall conquer the Central Plains," is a reference to a famous strategy employed by the ancient Chinese military strategist, Zhuge Liang. In this article, we will explore the historical context of this phrase, its significance, and how it continues to inspire and influence modern thinking.

Historical Context

The Three Kingdoms Period

During the Three Kingdoms period in ancient China, the country was divided into three main factions: Wei, Shu, and Wu. These factions were constantly at war with each other, vying for control and dominance. It was during this turbulent time that Zhuge Liang, a brilliant strategist and advisor to the Shu faction, devised the strategy of "王 师 北 定 中原."

The Strategy

The strategy of "王 师 北 定 中原" involved luring the enemy forces away from their stronghold in the Central Plains and then launching a surprise attack to conquer it. Zhuge Liang recognized the importance of the Central Plains as a strategic location and knew that controlling it would give the Shu faction a significant advantage in the war.

The Execution

Using his deep knowledge of the enemy's tactics and weaknesses, Zhuge Liang devised a plan to lure the Wei forces away from the Central Plains. He strategically positioned his troops in such a way that it appeared as though they were preparing for an attack on the Wei capital. This ploy successfully drew the enemy forces away, leaving the Central Plains vulnerable to attack.


Strategic Brilliance

The strategy of "王 师 北 定 中原" demonstrated Zhuge Liang's exceptional strategic thinking and his ability to outwit his enemies. By luring the enemy away from their stronghold, he was able to seize control of the Central Plains and gain a significant advantage in the war. This strategy is still revered today for its brilliance and effectiveness.

Turning Point

The execution of this strategy marked a turning point in the Three Kingdoms period. The Shu faction's conquest of the Central Plains weakened the Wei faction and ultimately led to their downfall. It was a decisive moment in the war and played a crucial role in shaping the course of Chinese history.

Inspiration in Modern Times

Leadership and Strategy

The phrase "王 师 北 定 中原" continues to inspire leaders and strategists in modern times. It serves as a reminder of the importance of strategic thinking, careful planning, and bold execution. The lessons learned from Zhuge Liang's strategy can be applied to various fields, including business, politics, and military tactics.

Adaptability and Flexibility

One of the key takeaways from the strategy of "王 师 北 定 中原" is the importance of adaptability and flexibility. Zhuge Liang was able to adapt his plans and deceive the enemy by making them believe he was planning an attack on their capital. This ability to adjust strategies and think on one's feet is crucial in today's rapidly changing world.

Thinking Outside the Box

Zhuge Liang's strategy of luring the enemy away from their stronghold was a bold and unconventional move. It challenged the traditional way of thinking and showcased the power of innovative strategies. This mindset of thinking outside the box and exploring new possibilities is still highly valued in modern society.


The phrase "王 师 北 定 中原" holds significant historical and cultural importance in China. It represents the strategic brilliance of Zhuge Liang and the turning point in the Three Kingdoms period. Beyond its historical context, this phrase continues to inspire and influence modern thinking, emphasizing the importance of leadership, adaptability, and innovative strategies. It serves as a reminder of the timeless wisdom that can be gained from studying historical events and the strategies employed by great minds.