55 Chapter 7 Section 1 The New Immigrants

Chapter 7 Guided Reading The New Immigrants Pages 1 7 —
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Chapter 7 Section 1: The New Immigrants


The United States has always been a nation of immigrants, with people from all over the world seeking a better life on its shores. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, a new wave of immigrants arrived in the country, known as the "new immigrants." These newcomers came from Southern and Eastern Europe, bringing with them their unique cultures, languages, and traditions. This article explores the experiences and challenges faced by the new immigrants during this time.

Causes of Immigration

1. Economic opportunities in the United States

2. Escape from political and religious persecution

3. Push factors in home countries

Arrival and Settlement

1. Ellis Island as the gateway

2. Difficulties of the journey

3. Establishing ethnic neighborhoods

Working Conditions

1. Jobs available to new immigrants

2. Low wages and long hours

3. Exploitation by employers

Discrimination and Prejudice

1. Nativism and hostility towards immigrants

2. Anti-immigrant legislation

3. Stereotypes and discrimination in everyday life

Adapting to American Society

1. Learning English and American customs

2. Assimilation versus maintaining cultural identity

3. Formation of immigrant support networks

Education and Social Services

1. Challenges faced by immigrant children in schools

2. Role of settlement houses and social organizations

3. Access to healthcare and other social services

Impact on American Society

1. Cultural contributions of new immigrants

2. Labor movement and the fight for workers' rights

3. Shaping the diversity of modern America

Legacy of the New Immigrants

1. Descendants of new immigrants in contemporary America

2. Lessons learned from the experiences of the new immigrants

3. Continuation of immigration debates and policies


The new immigrants of the late 19th and early 20th centuries played a significant role in shaping the United States as we know it today. Their struggles and contributions continue to resonate in American society, reminding us of the importance of diversity, tolerance, and compassion. Understanding their experiences allows us to appreciate the richness and complexity of our nation's history.