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六朝 燕 歌 行, also known as "The Song of the Six Dynasties," is a famous Chinese poem that describes the beauty and grandeur of the ancient capital of the Northern Wei dynasty, Ye City. Written by the renowned poet Yan Yanzhi during the Tang dynasty, this poem captures the essence of the vibrant city and its glorious past. In this article, we will delve into the intricacies of this poetic masterpiece, exploring its historical context, significance, and enduring legacy.

Historical Background

The Six Dynasties period in Chinese history refers to the era from 220 to 589 AD when the country was divided into multiple states. During this time, the Northern Wei dynasty was one of the most powerful and influential states. Ye City, the capital of Northern Wei, was not only a political center but also a hub of culture and arts.

The Poet - Yan Yanzhi

Yan Yanzhi was a talented poet of the Tang dynasty who lived from 384 to 456 AD. He was known for his lyrical style and ability to capture the essence of the places he visited. As an official in the Northern Wei dynasty, Yan Yanzhi frequently traveled to Ye City, which inspired him to write the famous poem "六朝 燕 歌 行."

Structure and Themes

The poem "六朝 燕 歌 行" consists of 180 lines, divided into 20 quatrains. Each quatrain follows a specific rhyming pattern and rhythm, showcasing Yan Yanzhi's mastery of the art form. The poem primarily focuses on the beauty of Ye City, its historical significance, and the fleeting nature of human existence.

Depiction of Ye City

Yan Yanzhi vividly describes the picturesque landscape of Ye City, emphasizing its grandeur and architectural splendor. He mentions the city's towering walls, magnificent palaces, and bustling streets. Through his poetic imagery, Yan Yanzhi transports the readers back in time, allowing them to experience the glory of Ye City firsthand.

Historical Significance

The poem also highlights the historical importance of Ye City, particularly during the Northern Wei dynasty. It mentions the city's connection to ancient emperors and renowned scholars, showcasing its role as a center of power and learning. This emphasis on history adds depth to the poem, making it more than just a celebration of beauty.

The Transience of Life

Throughout "六朝 燕 歌 行," Yan Yanzhi contemplates the fleeting nature of human existence. He compares the rise and fall of empires to the passing of seasons, emphasizing the impermanence of worldly achievements. This theme of transience adds a sense of melancholy to the poem, reminding readers of the ephemeral nature of life.

Legacy and Influence

Since its creation, "六朝 燕 歌 行" has become one of the most celebrated poems in Chinese literature. Its lyrical beauty, historical significance, and philosophical themes have captivated readers for centuries. The poem has been widely studied and analyzed, with scholars praising Yan Yanzhi's poetic skill and his ability to evoke emotions through words.

Influence on Later Works

Yan Yanzhi's poem has also influenced subsequent generations of poets and writers. Its vivid descriptions and powerful imagery have served as inspiration for many other works of literature. The themes explored in "六朝 燕 歌 行," such as the passage of time and the transience of life, continue to resonate with readers today.

Appreciation of Chinese Culture

For those interested in Chinese culture and history, "六朝 燕 歌 行" provides a valuable insight into the past. The poem offers a glimpse into the rich heritage of the Northern Wei dynasty and the significance of Ye City. It serves as a reminder of the importance of preserving cultural artifacts and understanding our collective history.


六朝 燕 歌 行, or "The Song of the Six Dynasties," is a remarkable poem that transports readers to the ancient capital of Ye City. Through vivid descriptions and lyrical imagery, Yan Yanzhi captures the beauty, history, and transient nature of this once-glorious city. The poem's enduring legacy and influence on subsequent works showcase its importance in Chinese literature and its ability to resonate with readers across time and cultures.